Polska pomoc

Georgia

Introduction

Georgia ranks 70th (2017) in the UNDP’s Human Development Index, which each year monitors the social and economic development across the world. In 2003, Georgia embraced the path of democratic transition, on which it continues with the huge financial and technical support from western donors. This country struggles with defending its territorial integrity and wrestles with a partial economic blockade from its former largest trading partner, Russia. The Russian-Georgian conflict of August 2008 harmed civilian population, partially destroyed the infrastructure in the country’s north, and increased the number of refugees and internally displaced people.

Georgia takes steps to integrate with the European Union and continues its efforts to join the North Atlantic Alliance. In 2013 at the Eastern Partnership Summit in Vilnius, Georgia initialled an association agreement with the EU. Poland has consistently supported Georgia’s modernization processes, notably in respect of implementing the EU Association Agreement. Since 2004, Georgia has been among priority recipients of Poland’s official development assistance.

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Actions in 2018

According to the priorities set out in the Development Cooperation Programme 2018, Poland’s development cooperation for Georgia focused on supporting initiatives in the fields of good governance and human capital.

NGOs, public administration bodies and the Polish Embassy in Tbilisi implemented projects involving:

support for crisis management system– projects involved efforts to build the potential of the Georgian mountain rescue services. The projects were aimed at supporting administration in creating mountain rescue structures in Mestia and Kazbegi. They involved training, providing specialist equipment and exchange of experiences between Georgian local authorities, the Polish Tatra mountains volunteer rescue service TOPR, and the Ministry of the Interior and Administration. The Chief School of Fire Service also engaged in crisis management projects as part of its long-term support for developing a professional training system of Georgian rescue services. Furthermore, the Ministry of the Interior and Administration carried out a project to prevent and counter cross-border crime related to illegal transfer of explosives.

early school education– initiatives were continued to support local governments in the implementation of new quality standards for nursery schools, in line with the new Act on Early School Education. UNICEF engaged in a project to support the Georgian government in upgrading the skills of staff working in pre- and early-school facilities at the national, regional, and local levels. Moreover, in order to boost safety of nursery schools in the face of natural threats, measures were taken to work out safety standards and to train teachers in how to behave in life-threatening situations.

implementation of the regional development policy, including support for tourism– a project was carried out to stimulate and expand tourism in the Machakhela National Park by running information and promotion campaigns and building small infrastructure.

support for disadvantaged groups– the projects offered assistance for deaf-blind people, disabled children and their families. Special support was given to the victims of domestic violence. Project activities focused on raising social awareness and sensitivity to domestic violence, and meant to boost work activation of women who were victims of violence and were given a chance to become financially independent.

Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration

Since 2011, Georgian civil servants have the possibility to take part in the Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration, which is run in collaboration with the National School of Public Administration and with financial support from Polish development cooperation. The Academy seeks to empower public administration in the Eastern Partnership countries by running specialist training sessions for civil servants and experts.

One hundred thirty members of the Georgian administration attended the Academy’s training courses in 2011 – 2017.

In 2018, internships were offered to Georgian civil servants in thematic blocks: civil service and implementation of the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) in environmental protection. Eight Georgian administration officials participated in the scheme.

Scholarship programmes

Scholarship programmes financed by the Polish government offer Georgian nationals the possibility to study in Poland. In the 2017/2018 academic year, almost 340 Georgians studied at Polish universities.

Presidential elections in Georgia

In partnership with the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights of the OSCE, Poland sent forty observers for two rounds of Georgia’s presidential elections. One of the priorities of the Polish development cooperation is to support democratization by engaging in observation missions.

 

Actions in 2017

Measures carried out in 2017 follow up on the initiatives from previous years.

  • As part of supporting the crisis management system, measures were continued to develop a unified rescue system in Georgia. The Main School of Fire Service trained instructor staff to prepare them to teach specialist courses. Also, stations for rescue training were built and specialist rescue equipment purchased to conduct the courses. In Kakheti, measures were continued in the field of hydraulic modelling of the region’s successive mountain rivers, with a view to preventing and responding to floods.
  • Support for the development of local tourism, with the involvement of regional authorities and local communities, concerned measures in the field of regional promotion, training of people employed in the tourism sector as well as the development of tourist infrastructure.
  • Poland was actively involved in setting up early school education centres in rural areas, and in training new teachers to work with children as well as local government officials to implement new tasks in this area.
  • As regards building a support system for disabled people, Polish experts provided specialist help to parents and guardians of disabled people in order to help them live independent lives. At the same time, Georgian professionals, officials and carers were assisted in the selection of appropriate therapeutic techniques used in mobilizing and empowering people with disabilities. Cooperation was also undertaken with the Gori municipality, which received expertise in setting up a social service system for this municipality’s disabled population.

The actions implemented for the benefit of Georgia also contributed to providing support for victims of domestic violence through the organisation of vocational training for victims, training for doctors, psychologists, teachers and police officers, as well as the renovation of buildings for shelters for violence victims. 

Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration

Since 2011, officials from Georgia have had the possibility to participate in the EaP Academy of Public Administration, a programme implemented in collaboration with the National School of Public Administration, which is financed by Polish development aid. The Academy aims to strengthen public administration in Eastern Partnership countries by holding specialist training for civil servants and experts.

The training offered so far to Georgian participants was concerned, among other things, with European integration, the implementation of the AA/DCFTA association agreements, and local government and civil service reforms. In 2011-2018, 28 training modules were delivered for 504 representatives of public administration authorities from the EaP countries. 

Representatives of Georgia’s administration accounted for the largest group (138 people), followed by Ukraine’s (134) and Moldova’s (92). The government administrations of Belarus, Azerbaijan and Armenia have so far been represented by 53, 44, and 43 officials, respectively.

Scholarship programmes

Georgian citizens had the opportunity to study in Poland as part of the scholarship programmes funded by the Polish government. In the 2016/2017 academic year, 359 Georgian students were enrolled on first-cycle and doctoral programmes and on short-term scholarships.

Actions in 2016

In line with the adopted priorities under the 2016 Development Cooperation Plan, Polish development cooperation for Georgia focused on supporting initiatives in Good Governance and Human Capital.

Through non-governmental organisations, public authorities, and the Polish Embassy in Tbilisi, projects were carried out in the area of:

  • Support to the crisis management system —the Ministry of the Interior, through the National Police Headquarters and the Warsaw Metropolitan Police, carried out training activities for the Georgian police in responding to CBRN threats, as well as for police press officers in the area of public information and media relations in emergency situations. In addition, the Main School of Fire Service ran courses in underground rescue, including CBRN threats. In the framework of cooperation with Polish NGOs, specialist rescue equipment was purchased, emergency response mechanisms were developed for rescue services and implemented at the regional level, and flood prevention guidelines were drawn up through the hydraulic modelling of selected rivers in Georgia.
  • Early childhood education — supporting the Georgian Ministry of Education, Polish experts worked to increase access to early childhood education in Georgia, through the creation of more early childhood centres and alternative pre-school education groups, as well as through methodological training for teachers.
  • Support for disadvantaged groups — the Polish Ministry of Family, Labour and Social Policy cooperated with the Georgian Ministry of Labour, Health and Social Affairs in employing people with disabilities in a protected and open market and trained universal design experts. In addition, the Georgian ministry received support from Polish experts in the process of creating a model centre for social and occupational reintegration of people with disabilities. Moreover, Polish NGOs initiated social cooperatives and took measures to prevent and respond to domestic violence.
  • Implementation of regional development policy, including support for the tourism sector — Polish experts in collaboration with the local administrations of the Megrelia, Imereti, and Recha regions carried out tourism development activities.

Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration

Since 2011, officials from Georgia have had the possibility to participate in the EaP Academy of Public Administration, a programme implemented in collaboration with the National School of Public Administration, which is financed by Polish development aid. The Academy aims to strengthen public administration in Eastern Partnership countries by holding specialist training for civil servants and experts.

In 2011-2015, 102 civil servants from Georgia took part in courses provided by the Academy.

The year 2016 saw continued training for Georgian civil servants in the local government reform, implementation of the EU Association Agreement and the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area Agreement (DCFTA), as well as civil service internships.

Georgian civil servants account for the largest recipient group of training delivered since 2011. In 2016, 21 of them took part in the training.

Scholarship programmes

Right now, Georgian citizens can study in Poland as part of two scholarship programmes delivered by the MFA through the Ministry of Science and Higher Education:

  • The Stefan Banach Scholarship Programme
  • The Scholarship Programme for Specialist Eastern Studies of the University of Warsaw

In the 2015/16 academic year, 92 Georgians studied at Polish universities (in all scholarship programmes available for foreigners).

Actions in 2015

In 2015, the MFA funded a total of PLN 3,823,356 in 23 development cooperation projects for Georgia, including 11 projects related to NGOs, local governments, and research institutions, and 3 projects related to administration.In addition, the Polish Embassy in Georgia carried out 9 projects worth EUR 217,254.

In 2015, Polish development cooperation activities for Georgia were carried out
under the following priorities:

  • Support for socially disadvantaged groups

Projects under the above priority facilitated employment and social activation of people
with disabilities, reinforcement of the system of care for disabled children, and improvement of the mechanism of ensuring equal educational opportunities for children in rural areas
(12 projects).

  • Regional development and building capacity of public and local government administration

Measures under this priority were specifically intended to improve mechanisms for natural disaster and emergency response, mitigation, prevention and recovery at the regional and local level, and to support the authorities (central, regional and local) in implementing regional development and decentralization policies (7 projects).

  • Small and medium-sized enterprises and job creation

Measures under this priority improved the vocational education and training system with a view to adapting manufacturers’ groups, cooperatives, and small businesses to labour market needs and building their capacity, and strengthened micro-entrepreneurship (4 projects).

Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration (AAPPW)

Since 2011, officials from Georgia have participated in the EaP Academy of Public Administration, a programme implemented in collaboration with the National School of Public Administration, which is financed by Polish development aid.

The EaP Academy of Public Administration is a programme which aims to strengthen public administration in Eastern Partnership countries by holding specialist training for civil servants and experts. In 2011-2014, 81 civil servants from Georgia took part in the courses provided by the Academy.

In 2015, Georgian civil servants took part in a dedicated module on support for Georgia’s local government reform and in training on the implementation of the EU Association Agreement and the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area Agreement (DCFTA). Furthermore, they also took part in civil service training.  A total of 21 representatives of the Georgian administration took part in the training.

Training for diplomats from Eastern Partnership countries

The Ignacy Jan Paderewski Polish Institute of Diplomacy organised training to enhance the skills and support professional development of mid-level diplomats and young diplomats from Ukraine, Moldova and Georgia.  The training increased the awareness of the EU’s decision-making process, common foreign and security policy, common security and defence policy, and NATO’s functioning. The project was addressed to diplomats in the role of press officers in charge of media relations in their headquarters or missions abroad. Its goal was to improve media relations skills, emergency responding, and creating a desired country image. The programme was attended by 10 diplomats from Georgia.

Scholarship programmes

Right now, Georgian citizens can study in Poland as part of two scholarship programmes delivered by the MFA through the Ministry of Science and Higher Education:

  • The Stefan Banach Scholarship Programme
  • The Scholarship Programme for Specialist Eastern Studies of the University of Warsaw

Actions in 2014

In 2014, a total of 15 projects were implemented for Georgia, of which 5 were carried out by central administration institutions and 10 by NGOs and local government units, with a budget o PLN 4.73m.

Additionally, as part of the area Democratisation for Georgia, Solidarity Fund PL implemented 5 projects with the value of PLN 0.98m.

The Polish mission in Tbilisi implemented 11 projects as part of the small grants system, with a budget of EUR 164,141. (link do listy dużych projektów oraz małych grantów).

Projects awarded in the Polish Development Assistance 2014 call for proposals were related to the following priorities:

  • Support for socially disadvantaged groups (5 projects – PLN 2,227,761)

The goal of projects under this priority was to improve the disabled people support system, facilitate employment and social activation of people from disadvantaged groups, promote inclusive education and early school education in rural areas,
and strengthen the system of adoptive parenthood.

  • Regional development and building capacity of public and local government administration (5 projects – PLN 1,434,357)

The goal of projects under this priority was to strengthen the natural disaster response mechanisms and mitigate their risk at the regional and local level, facilitate closer collaboration of resident groups at the local level for the purposes of regional development, and support the development of regional policies in the area of entrepreneurship and tourism.

  • Small and medium-sized enterprises and job creation (2 projects – PLN 386,333)

Measures under this priority facilitated enterprise development in the tourism sector in Imereti and Samtskhe–Javakheti regions.

Other development cooperation initiatives for Georgia

The year 2014 saw another edition of training in collaboration with the National School of Public Administration as part of the Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration (AAPPW), addressed to representatives of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine.

The EaP Academy of Public Administration is a programme which aims to strengthen government administration in Eastern Partnership countries by holding specialist training for civil servants. Its mission is to train a professional civil service in EaP countries that will provide expert support necessary for implementing the principles of democratic state and the rule of law.

Representatives of the Georgian administration took part in three learning modules on: civil service (for all EaP countries), Georgia’s local government reform, and European integration. A total of 29 representatives of the public administration took part in the training in 2014.

Actions in 2013

In 2013, 19 projects were undertaken in Georgia, among them 12 carried out by local government units or NGO's and 7 carried out by central administration units with a total value of PLN 6 817 880, as well as 8 projects in the framework of the Small Grants System with the value of EUR 136 679 (see full list).

In 2013 the Polish development cooperation activities in Georgia are being carried out according to the following priorities (non-governmental organization projects, local governmental units, government administration units):

  • Support for socially disadvantaged groups (9 projects – PLN 4 127 524)
    Projects within this priority aim at social and professional development assistance for socially disadvantaged groups, popularization of inclusive education and the improvement of the mechanism of equal educational chances for children and youth in rural regions, the improvement of the support system for people addicted to intoxicating and psychotropic substances, as well as the improvement of the replacement parenting system.
  • Regional development and public and local administration capacity building (8 projects – PLN 2 099 395 )
    Projects within this priority aim at the improvement of the implementation mechanisms of Georgia’s Regional Development Strategy by the central, regional and local authorities, improvement of the reaction mechanisms to natural disasters and reducing their risk on a local and regional level, strengthening of cooperation mechanisms on a local level between the public administration and NGOs working on the development of the region.
  • Small and medium-sized enterprises and creation of new jobs  (2 projects – PLN 590 961)
    Projects within this priority aim at the improvement of the vocational education and professional training systems to adjust them to the needs of the job market and to build the potential of producer groups, cooperatives, small enterprises and support microenterprises.

Program Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration (EPAPA)

In 2013 the next edition of the Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration (EPAPA) will be launched in cooperation with the National School of Public Administration, it will be directed at the representatives of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine.

The Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration is a program devoted to strengthening of public administration in the Eastern Partnership countries through the organization of specialized courses for officials from partner states. The aim is to create a professional public administration personnel in the Eastern Partnership countries, which shall serve as a base of experts assisting in the implementation of the principles of a democratic state with the rule of law.

The representatives of Georgian administration shall take part in two training modules: civil service training – for all Eastern Partnership countries, and local government reform training – for central administration representatives from Georgia.

Read more about Polish assistance to Georgia:

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Actions in 2012

Fourteen projects (see full list) totalling PLN 5.77 million, of which eleven selected in a call for proposals under 2012 Polish Development Assistance (10 NGOs, 1 local government unit) and 3 carried out jointly with Polish government agencies, were implemented in Georgia. An additional 4 projects totalling PLN 716,000 were carried out by the Polish Embassy in Tbilisi as part of the Small Grants System.

In addition, projects addressed to the Georgian society were implemented through the Solidarity Fund PL, which co-financed 9 projects to the tune of almost PLN  1 million.

In 2012, Polish development assistance to Georgia focused on the following priorities:

  • support for socially excluded groups (6 projects – PLN 2.18 million)
    These projects were designed to contribute to the social and vocational activation of people from socially excluded groups, improve inclusive education, raise the quality of educational policy of local governments and create equal educational opportunities for young people living in rural areas, streamlining assistance to persons addicted to drugs and other psychotropic substances, as well as enhancing foster partnership institutions.
  • regional development and building public and local government administration potential  (3 projects – PLN 2.19 million)
    Projects in this priority area were designed to streamline local governance and enhance dialogue between public administration and NGOs, professionalization of regional development policy management and improving readiness of local structures and populations to cope with natural disasters and to reduce the risk of their occurrence.
  • small and medium-sized enterprises and job creation  (5 projects – PLN 1.4 million)
    Projects in this priority area were designed to support vocational education and lifelong learning in order to improve cooperation between local government, higher education institutions and ministries and the private sector, to initiate and support  producer’s groups and cooperatives, support the development of micro-entrepreneurship and small businesses, vocational activation of women, support for self-employment, development of innovative technologies based on alternative sources of energy and energy-saving technologies in SMEs and support for measures that develop employees’ legal awareness.

In 2012, 14 Georgian civil servants took part in the second edition of a programme of the Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration whose aim was to strengthen government administration in the Eastern Partnership countries through the organisation of specialist training courses for civil servants from the EaP partnership countries. The programme trains professional civil servants in the EaP countries who then provide the necessary expertise needed to implement the rule of law. The training courses, organised in collaboration with the National School of Public Administration involved value-based management, the economics of public finance and security and defence policies.

In 2012, SENSE (Strategic Economic Needs and Security Exercise) was organised for Georgia. It is a training programme that enables its participants to simulate running a country with a market economy using a computer programme. One edition of the training programme was organised for the EaP countries in 2012, attended by 10 representatives of Georgia’s central government.

Read more about Polish assistance to Georgia:

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Actions in 2011

In the framework of Poland’s 2011 development cooperation programme, 26 projects were implemented in Georgia (including 4 projects implemented jointly in several countries, i.e. Moldova, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, and Ukraine). The total financing amounted to PLN 6 941 397. The projects were implemented in the framework of the following priorities:

  • Good governance, in particular: regional development and decentralization, preventing and combating corruption, bolstering the social aid system, strengthening independent media, and other initiatives implemented in the EaP framework (14 projects worth PLN 3 574 309);
  • SMEs, in particular: supporting rural entrepreneurship, professional activation of IDPs and marginalized groups, environmental protection (waste disposal), energy efficiency (4 projects worth a total of PLN 1 065 187);
  • Development of rural areas and agriculture, in particular: measures to aid underprivileged groups, forestry, forest protection (7 projects worth a total of PLN 2 035 531);
  • Migration and border management, in particular: better customs controls and combating customs crime, combating illegal migration (1 project worth PLN 266 370).

NGOs implemented the largest amount of projects (50%), followed by government administration bodies (27%). Other project applicants included local self-government bodies, a research entity, and a higher learning institution. Moreover, in the framework of the small grants scheme, the Polish Embassy in Tbilisi financed one project with a total of PLN 500 000; the project involved orphanage reform in Georgia and the decentralization of orphanage management.

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Actions in 2010

In the framework of the 2010 Polish foreign aid programme, 18 projects were implemented in Georgia, with appropriations of over PLN 7.5 million.  More than half of the projects - valued at over PLN 4 million - were implemented by NGOs, while the remaining projects (valued at around PLN 2.5 million) were implemented by local government, public administration and research-and-development entities. The main aid areas were: Georgian regional development, the forestry sector, activities to benefit marginalized and socially-excluded communities, and education. Moreover, through the small grants programme, over PLN 1m in co-financing was provided to 8 projects initiated by the Polish Embassy in Tbilisi.

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Actions in 2009

In 2009, Polish aid focused on the following areas:

  • rural and agricultural development,
  • decentralisation and local development,
  • development of socially-oriented institutions (including those working with internally-displaced persons - IDPs)
  • rebuilding small infrastructure (esp. in the field of energy),
  • supporting Euro-Atlantic aspirations.

In 2009, 32 aid projects were implemented in Georgia, with appropriations of over PLN 5.9 million. Moreover, Poland contributed funds to projects headed by the International Organization for Migration addressed to Chechen IDPs and refugees in Georgia, as well as to the Partnership for Democratic Governance for an advisory programme for Georgia. Poland also financed humanitarian aid for inhabitants of the Racza region.

More information on all 2009 projects can be found in the Annual Report on "Poland's Development Co-operation Programme" (see Documents and Publications).

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Actions in 2008

Priority development aid sectors in 2008 included:

  • rural and agricultural development;
  • development of local governance;
  • strengthening public administration, especially support for the border guard and trainings on how to obtain EU funds.

In 2008, 36 aid projects were implemented in Georgia, with appropriations of over PLN 4.8 million. Poland also provided humanitarian aid to Georgia for victims of the Russia-Georgia conflict and transferred funds towards IOM and NATO projects implemented in Georgia.

More information on all 2008 projects can be found in the Annual Report on "Poland's Development Co-operation Programme" (see Documents and Publications).

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