Georgia ranks 75. (2011) in the HDI (Human Development Index) published by the UNDP, which annually monitors the social and economic development of countries around the world. In 2003, Georgia embarked on a path of democratic reforms which are being continued with extensive financial and technical backing from Western donors. However, the country has been grappling with territorial integrity problems and a partial economic embargo imposed by Russia - previously its largest trading partner. The Russia-Georgia conflict of August 2008 affected the civilian population, partly destroyed infrastructure in the north of the country, and increased the number of refugees and internally displaced persons. Poland supports the stabilisation and development process in Georgia, which has been a priority Polish development aid recipient since 2004.
Actions in 2013
In 2013, 19 projects were undertaken in Georgia, among them 12 carried out by local government units or NGO's and 7 carried out by central administration units with a total value of PLN 6 817 880, as well as 8 projects in the framework of the Small Grants System with the value of EUR 136 679 (see full list).
In 2013 the Polish development cooperation activities in Georgia are being carried out according to the following priorities (non-governmental organization projects, local governmental units, government administration units):
- Support for socially disadvantaged groups (9 projects – PLN 4 127 524)
Projects within this priority aim at social and professional development assistance for socially disadvantaged groups, popularization of inclusive education and the improvement of the mechanism of equal educational chances for children and youth in rural regions, the improvement of the support system for people addicted to intoxicating and psychotropic substances, as well as the improvement of the replacement parenting system.
- Regional development and public and local administration capacity building (8 projects – PLN 2 099 395 )
Projects within this priority aim at the improvement of the implementation mechanisms of Georgia’s Regional Development Strategy by the central, regional and local authorities, improvement of the reaction mechanisms to natural disasters and reducing their risk on a local and regional level, strengthening of cooperation mechanisms on a local level between the public administration and NGOs working on the development of the region.
- Small and medium-sized enterprises and creation of new jobs (2 projects – PLN 590 961)
Projects within this priority aim at the improvement of the vocational education and professional training systems to adjust them to the needs of the job market and to build the potential of producer groups, cooperatives, small enterprises and support microenterprises.
Program Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration (EPAPA)
In 2013 the next edition of the Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration (EPAPA) will be launched in cooperation with the National School of Public Administration, it will be directed at the representatives of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine.
The Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration is a program devoted to strengthening of public administration in the Eastern Partnership countries through the organization of specialized courses for officials from partner states. The aim is to create a professional public administration personnel in the Eastern Partnership countries, which shall serve as a base of experts assisting in the implementation of the principles of a democratic state with the rule of law.
The representatives of Georgian administration shall take part in two training modules: civil service training – for all Eastern Partnership countries, and local government reform training – for central administration representatives from Georgia.
Read more about Polish assistance to Georgia:
Actions in 2012
Fourteen projects (see full list) totalling PLN 5.77 million, of which eleven selected in a call for proposals under 2012 Polish Development Assistance (10 NGOs, 1 local government unit) and 3 carried out jointly with Polish government agencies, were implemented in Georgia. An additional 4 projects totalling PLN 716,000 were carried out by the Polish Embassy in Tbilisi as part of the Small Grants System.
In addition, projects addressed to the Georgian society were implemented through the Solidarity Fund PL, which co-financed 9 projects to the tune of almost PLN 1 million.
In 2012, Polish development assistance to Georgia focused on the following priorities:
- support for socially excluded groups (6 projects – PLN 2.18 million)
These projects were designed to contribute to the social and vocational activation of people from socially excluded groups, improve inclusive education, raise the quality of educational policy of local governments and create equal educational opportunities for young people living in rural areas, streamlining assistance to persons addicted to drugs and other psychotropic substances, as well as enhancing foster partnership institutions.
- regional development and building public and local government administration potential (3 projects – PLN 2.19 million)
Projects in this priority area were designed to streamline local governance and enhance dialogue between public administration and NGOs, professionalization of regional development policy management and improving readiness of local structures and populations to cope with natural disasters and to reduce the risk of their occurrence.
- small and medium-sized enterprises and job creation (5 projects – PLN 1.4 million)
Projects in this priority area were designed to support vocational education and lifelong learning in order to improve cooperation between local government, higher education institutions and ministries and the private sector, to initiate and support producer’s groups and cooperatives, support the development of micro-entrepreneurship and small businesses, vocational activation of women, support for self-employment, development of innovative technologies based on alternative sources of energy and energy-saving technologies in SMEs and support for measures that develop employees’ legal awareness.
In 2012, 14 Georgian civil servants took part in the second edition of a programme of the Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration whose aim was to strengthen government administration in the Eastern Partnership countries through the organisation of specialist training courses for civil servants from the EaP partnership countries. The programme trains professional civil servants in the EaP countries who then provide the necessary expertise needed to implement the rule of law. The training courses, organised in collaboration with the National School of Public Administration involved value-based management, the economics of public finance and security and defence policies.
In 2012, SENSE (Strategic Economic Needs and Security Exercise) was organised for Georgia. It is a training programme that enables its participants to simulate running a country with a market economy using a computer programme. One edition of the training programme was organised for the EaP countries in 2012, attended by 10 representatives of Georgia’s central government.
Read more about Polish assistance to Georgia:
- Georgia - projects carried out in 2012
- Support for micro-enterprises in the tourism sector in the Pshavi-Khevsureti region
- The world does not end with disability
- Building an exercise trail for first-level spatial orientation in a school for the blind and visually impaired
Actions in 2011
In the framework of Poland’s 2011 development cooperation programme, 26 projects were implemented in Georgia (including 4 projects implemented jointly in several countries, i.e. Moldova, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, and Ukraine). The total financing amounted to PLN 6 941 397. The projects were implemented in the framework of the following priorities:
- Good governance, in particular: regional development and decentralization, preventing and combating corruption, bolstering the social aid system, strengthening independent media, and other initiatives implemented in the EaP framework (14 projects worth PLN 3 574 309);
- SMEs, in particular: supporting rural entrepreneurship, professional activation of IDPs and marginalized groups, environmental protection (waste disposal), energy efficiency (4 projects worth a total of PLN 1 065 187);
- Development of rural areas and agriculture, in particular: measures to aid underprivileged groups, forestry, forest protection (7 projects worth a total of PLN 2 035 531);
- Migration and border management, in particular: better customs controls and combating customs crime, combating illegal migration (1 project worth PLN 266 370).
NGOs implemented the largest amount of projects (50%), followed by government administration bodies (27%). Other project applicants included local self-government bodies, a research entity, and a higher learning institution. Moreover, in the framework of the small grants scheme, the Polish Embassy in Tbilisi financed one project with a total of PLN 500 000; the project involved orphanage reform in Georgia and the decentralization of orphanage management.
Actions in 2010
In the framework of the 2010 Polish foreign aid programme, 18 projects were implemented in Georgia, with appropriations of over PLN 7.5 million. More than half of the projects - valued at over PLN 4 million - were implemented by NGOs, while the remaining projects (valued at around PLN 2.5 million) were implemented by local government, public administration and research-and-development entities. The main aid areas were: Georgian regional development, the forestry sector, activities to benefit marginalized and socially-excluded communities, and education. Moreover, through the small grants programme, over PLN 1m in co-financing was provided to 8 projects initiated by the Polish Embassy in Tbilisi.
Actions in 2009
In 2009, Polish aid focused on the following areas:
rural and agricultural development,
decentralisation and local development,
development of socially-oriented institutions (including those working with internally-displaced persons - IDPs)
rebuilding small infrastructure (esp. in the field of energy),
supporting Euro-Atlantic aspirations.
In 2009, 32 aid projects were implemented in Georgia, with appropriations of over PLN 5.9 million. Moreover, Poland contributed funds to projects headed by the International Organization for Migration addressed to Chechen IDPs and refugees in Georgia, as well as to the Partnership for Democratic Governance for an advisory programme for Georgia. Poland also financed humanitarian aid for inhabitants of the Racza region.
More information on all 2009 projects can be found in the Annual Report on "Poland's Development Co-operation Programme" (see Documents and Publications).
Actions in 2008
Priority development aid sectors in 2008 included:
rural and agricultural development;
development of local governance;
strengthening public administration, especially support for the border guard and trainings on how to obtain EU funds.
In 2008, 36 aid projects were implemented in Georgia, with appropriations of over PLN 4.8 million. Poland also provided humanitarian aid to Georgia for victims of the Russia-Georgia conflict and transferred funds towards IOM and NATO projects implemented in Georgia.
More information on all 2008 projects can be found in the Annual Report on "Poland's Development Co-operation Programme" (see Documents and Publications).