Armenia ranks 82nd in the UNDP Human Development Index, which annually monitors the socio-economic development of countries around the world. Transformation of once the wealthiest among all Soviet Union republics was unusually difficult, as the period of institutional change coincided with a stormy moment in the country’s history: an earthquake in 1988, Turkish and Azeri borders blockades and the war with Azerbaijan leaving the country in ruin. Despite the unfavourable political conditions Armenia as the first country in the region began the privatization process and ever since the introduction of institutional changes its currency has remained very stable. The continuing decline of the soviet industry as well as the blockade of export and import resulted in economic hardship. The protests against the re-opened nuclear power station caused irregularities in the electricity supply. Nowadays Armenia is again able to benefit from electricity export; however, underfunded agriculture based on old-fashioned technologies results in lack of nutritional self-sufficiency. Poland supports the stabilization process and improvement of the living standards of local communities through fighting corruption, providing modern agricultural equipment, creating irrigation systems and inspiring development of local entrepreneurship.
Actions in 2013
In 2013 two local government units/NGO projects and one administrative project were carried out in Armenia, for the total amount of PLN 525 083 and nine projects were implemented in the framework of the Small Grants System for the total amount of EUR 88 280 (see full list).
In 2013 the Polish development cooperation activities in Armenia are being performed according to the following priorities (non-governmental organization projects, local governmental units, government administration units):
- Environmental Protection (1 project PLN 285 768)
Ministry of Health: Continuation of project activities initiated in 2012, aiming at the creation of a team of experts in the area of environmental protection, and more specifically in the area of chemical management.
- Agriculture and the development of rural areas (2 projects PLN 239 315)
Actions aiming at the strengthening and increasing the number of associations of small agricultural producers, the professionalization of the marketing system of agricultural products and agricultural consulting, as well as the professional and social development of rural communities.
Program Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration (EPAPA)
In 2013 Armenian officials were invited to take part in the next edition of the Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration, which aims at strengthening of public administration in the Eastern Partnership countries through organization of specialized courses for officials from partner states. The goal is to create a professional public administration personnel in the Eastern Partnership countries, which shall serve as a base of experts assisting in the implementation of the principles of a democratic state with the rule of law.
The academy was conducted in cooperation with the National School of Public Administration (KSAP) and devoted to the issue of civil service.
Learn more about Polish assistance to Armenia:
Actions in 2012
Three projects were carried out in Armenia in 2012: two by local government units (LGUs) and NGOs, and one by administration for a total amount of PLN 503,035 and 6 projects carried out in the framework of the Small Grants System totalling EUR 63,550 (see full list). In addition, four projects were implemented with co-financing amounting to PLN 269,464 following a call for proposals organised by the Solidarity Fund PL.
In 2012, Polish development assistance to Armenia focused on two priorities:
- Priority 1 – Development of rural areas (2 projects – PLN 235,634)
Assistance was provided to small agricultural producers to strengthen their position on the domestic market thanks to the development of small agricultural producers’ associations, agricultural marketing and creating agricultural product brands and serving vocational and social activation of the population.
- Priority 2 – Environmental protection (1 project – PLN 267,401)
Assistance was channelled mainly to improve the environmental standards of municipal services, improve the waste management system, promotion and introduction of good practices in water management, development of environmental awareness among the population through environmental education, increasing the number of environmentally-friendly and energy-saving solutions in the housing and municipal sector and industry, combating the degradation of the natural environment and eliminating the adverse consequences of climate change, elimination of the danger of contamination with toxic substances and hazardous waste, strengthening the readiness of the state and the local populations to deal with natural disasters, and reducing the risk of their occurrence.
In 2012, 13 Armenian civil servants took part in the second edition of a programme of the Eastern Partnership Academy of Public Administration whose aim was to strengthen government administration in the Eastern Partnership countries through the organisation of specialist training courses for civil servants from the EaP partnership countries. The programme trains professional civil servants in the EaP countries who then provide the necessary expertise needed to implement the rule of law. The training courses, organised in collaboration with the National School of Public Administration involved value-based management, the economics of public finance and security and defence policies.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in collaboration with the National School of Public Administration, organised a SENSE (Strategic Economic Needs and Security Exercise) training, attended by 5 representatives of the Armenian government administration and the private sector. SENSE is a training programme that uses computer simulation to run a market-economy country. The main objective of the programme is to strengthen the government administration of the beneficiary countries, promoting reforms and rules of good governance at the national and local levels.
Read more about Polish assistance to Armenia:
- Armenia - projects carried out in 2012
- Polish Assistance in Armenia: tourist trail from Tatev to Harjis
- Building local milk cooling tanks as a chance to solve the problem of poverty and develop dairy farming in northern Armenia