Polska pomoc

 

Energy efficiency in residential buildings - regulations, financing, technologies

Ukraine has one of the most energy-intensive economies in the world. Although, in recent years, some modernisation was implemented to limit gas consumption in the industry, the housing sector has not been urged to increase the energy efficiency of the buildings only until recently, even though the country subsidised heat and gas prices. As a result, the housing and utility area consumes about 30-40% of the annual demand for gas, electricity and heat in Ukraine. Multi-family buildings consume three times more heat per unit area than in the EU. The saving potential in this area is assessed at 30%, i.e. 11,4 bln m3 of gas (about 9,24 mln tonnes of equivalent oil) and about EUR 4 bln a year.

The situation changed in 2014, when first significant increases in tariffs were imposed (gas prices for people were increased by 70% and for heat by 40%) and, particularly in 2015, when gas prices increased fourfold and heat prices by one and a half. Thus, gas and heat tariffs drew closer to the market gas prices, which gave Ukraine its first impulse to have their buildings upgraded thermally. As the issue has been neglected for several years, the demand is now huge. According to experts, about 80% of buildings require renovation and heat losses on the way from the producer to the consumer amount to 60%. A comprehensive thermal upgrading of the buildings could limit gas consumption by 30% and heat consumption by 50%.

Energy efficiency in residential buildings - regulations, financing, technologies

The project is scheduled to be implemented from 1 July to 31 December 2016, in cooperation with the Embassy of the Republic of Poland in Kiev and the Polish and Ukrainian Chamber of Commerce. The project is addressed to representatives of housing cooperatives in Ternopil, Zaporizhia and Zhytomyr as well as Polish enterprises operating in the thermo-modernisation industry.

The objective of the project is to support the improvement of energy efficiency in Ukraine in the housing and utility area. It provides for a plan to train at least 135 beneficiaries: Fifteen representatives of Polish enterprises offering thermal upgrading technologies and 120 representatives of housing cooperatives in Ternopil, Zaporizhia and Zhytomyr. It will allow to establish direct contacts between the representatives of Polish enterprises offering thermal upgrading technologies and the representatives of housing cooperatives in Ternopil, Zaporizhia and Zhytomyr. 

The training participants will gain knowledge on the state programme for co-financing credits for thermal upgrading of residential buildings, bank credit offers and offers of Polish enterprises offering the upgrading technologies.

The financial support of the Polish Aid amounted to about PLN 112,000 (about EUR 26,800) and the entire value of the project amounted to PLN 120,000 (EUR 28,760). For the purposes of calculation, the following exchange rate was applied: USD 1 = PLN 4.1749.

Energy efficiency in residential buildings - regulations, financing, technologies

The project was implemented from 29 August to 12 December 2016. Its objective was to increase energy efficiency in the Ukrainian housing and utility sector, based on relevant Polish experience. The representatives of housing cooperatives of the following three cities, Ternopil, Zaporizhia and Zhytomyr, were trained in regulations binding in Ukraine.

During the trainings, Polish enterprises presented their offer concerning thermal upgrading. District authorities participated in all seminars. The direct beneficiaries of the project were over 200 representatives of housing cooperatives in Ternopil, Zaporizhia and Zhytomyr as well as 21 representatives of Polish enterprises. Moreover, the representatives of the local and municipal administration can also be perceived as the beneficiaries of the project, since they were informed of the benefits of increasing energy efficiency of buildings situated in their areas.